/ / Sub - Surface Drip Irrigation

Sub - Surface Drip Irrigation

Overview

Why use SDI?

  • More efficient water use, SDI saves water with decreasedsdi evaporation and deep percolation
  • Decreased groundwater contamination, SDI decreases leaching of nutrients carried by over irrigation and poor uniformity
  • SDI provides the most effective management tool delivering water and nutrients directly to the plant roots at the precise time and in the precise quantity needed
  • Maximizes irrigated acres, SDI irrigates fields from corner to corner and easily adapts to small and odd shaped parcels
  • Optimizes plant nutrition, the nutrients carried by the irrigation water are applied directly to the plant roots.
  • Minimizes weed growth, SDI Irrigation produces drier soil surface and reduces weed germination
  • Enables the use of recycled water without adverse environmental impact. Complies with environmental and public health regulations which prohibit overhead irrigation of certain crops with recycled water

Typical Applications

  • Alfalfa
  • Asparagus
  • Cotton
  • Corn
  • Orchards
  • Soybeans
  • Sugar beets
  • Tomatoes
  • Vegetables
  • Vineyards

Factors determining selection of short term SDI and long term SDI

  • Soil Types
  • Crop Rooting Depth
  • Seed Vigor
  • Water Salinity
  • Crop Rotation and Tillage Practices
  • Water Efficiencies

System Types

Short Term SDI

System life expectancy of 3 to 10 years.
Typically utilized for mid-valued crops
Drip tubing typically installed between 3" and 10" of surface
Designed to deliver peak ET demands of crop

Long Term SDI

System life expectancy 20+ years.
Typically utilized for commodity crops
Drip tubing typically installed between 12" and 18" of surface
Designed to utilize soil holding capacity and irrigation timing to deliver peak crop demand

Maintenance

Pressure & Flow Rate

Make sure the system operates according to the required pressures. System pressures and flows need to be monitored to ensure peak performance and maximum system life.

Filtration

Monitoring filtration performance is necessary.
Filtration requirements vary with water quality, dripper specifications, and other factors. Maintenance requirements for filters vary with type of filter (screen, disk, media, etc.) and water quality.

Chemical Treatment

Acid injection can reduce the precipitation caused by chemical contaminants. Acid wash (shock treatment) can reduce the build up of contaminants in the drip lines.
Chlorine injection restricts the growth of biological / organic contaminants like algae, bacteria & slime.
Chlorine oxidizes iron & manganese, into insoluble salts which can be separated from water, and reduces sulfur bacteria.

Pest Management

Pest Management is an essential maintenance function throughout the season.

Considerations

What you should consider before choosing an SDI System

  1. Field layout - Field shapes and sizesSDI System
  2. Field Conditions - Soil type, depth of topsoil, subsoil type, slope, and topography
  3. Water - Availability, quantity, and quality (performing a water quality test is essential)
  4. Crops – Type, requirements, and rotation
  5. Cultural practices - Seed germination, tillage practices, and harvesting
  6. Drip line products – Diameter, wall thickness, emitter spacing, flow rate, and filtration requirements
  7. Location of drip lines - Depth, distance between laterals, and relation to the crop
  8. System components and location - Pumps, filters, controls, control valves, lines (main lines, sub-main lines, and manifolds), air relief valves, and drip lines
  9. Monitoring - System flow rates and pressures should be monitored to ensure peak performance and maximize system life
  10. Maintenance procedures -Routine maintenance is necessary for system longevity and optimal performance

SDI Products

T-Tape Drip Irrigation Tape

T-Tape Drip Irrigation Tape

T-Tape Drip Tape is used in a variety of crops around the world to help reduce water consumption, increase crop quality, and increase crop yields.

    Learn more about T-Tape
    Hydro PC Flow Regulated Drip Line

    Hydro PC Flow Regulated Drip Line

    Hydro PC is a drip line made with flow-regulating cylindrical drippers which allows growers the ability to irrigate crops in a wide range of field conditions.

      Learn more about Hydro PC
      Hydrodrip Drip Tape

      Hydrodrip Drip Tape

      An economical solution for annual row crops, field crops, and greenhouses. With a flat integral drip tape, it’s a good choice for manual or mechanized layout and retrieval.

        Learn more
        • Filtration

          Filtration

          John Deere Filters are made with the highest quality materials and backed by complete technical support from a company with a long past and an ambitious future.

            Learn more
          • Fittings and Accessories

            Fittings and Accessories

            John Deere fittings deliver high performance at a great value.

              Learn more