/ What Every Biodiesel User Needs to Know
What Every Biodiesel User Needs to Know
Biodiesel impacts all diesel engines — no matter what brand. In an effort to ensure every John Deere engine user enjoys a positive experience, we want you to know the benefits as well as the cautions of using biodiesel. Material compatibility
- Through repeated exposure, biodiesel can seep through certain seals, gaskets, hoses, elastomers, glues, and plastics. This is more of a problem in older engines.
- Natural rubber, nitrile, and butyl rubber are particularly vulnerable to degradation.
- Brass, bronze, copper, lead, tin, and zinc can accelerate the oxidation of biodiesel and create deposits in the engine.
Storage and Handling
- Compared to conventional petroleum diesel fuel, B20 will result in slight reductions in power and fuel economy. Expect a 2 percent reduction in power and a 3 percent reduction in fuel economy when using B20 biodiesel. Expect up to a 12 percent reduction in power and an 18 percent reduction in fuel economy when using B100.
- Biodiesel can accelerate the degradation of crankcase oil.
- When using biodiesel fuel, the engine oil level must be checked daily.
- In no instance should the fuel dilution of the oil be allowed to exceed 5 percent. OILSCAN™ can be used to verify fuel dilution levels.
- Fuel should be sampled periodically to ensure a consistent percentage of biodiesel.
- Biodiesel can reduce water separator efficiency.
- Biodiesel can cause cold weather flow degradation.
- To improve storage of biodiesel fuels, John Deere recommends the use of a fuel conditioner. To be effective, the conditioner needs to be added when the fuel is fresh (close to the time it is produced). Periodic testing of the fuel is recommended to ensure it continues to meet specifications.
- Fuel conditioners can improve fuel flow in cold temperatures and oxidation stability in the summer.
- Tanks should be kept as full as possible to minimize condensation because water accelerates microbial growth.
- Acceptable storage tank materials include aluminum, steel, fluorinated polyethylene, fluorinated polypropylene, Teflon®, and most fiberglass.
- Sedimentation and water should be removed on a routine basis.
- New fuel filters should be installed when biodiesel is introduced to older or used engines. For the first two changes, the fuel filter life will be half the standard.
- Biodiesel might cause corrosion and deposit formation due to higher acidity.
- Users are responsible for compliance with local emissions regulations limiting the use of biodiesel in emissions-certified engines.
- Biodiesel tends to increase NOx emissions while reducing smoke.
- The use of biodiesel blends above B20 can impact the performance and maintenance of exhaust filters.
This list of considerations is not intended to be all-inclusive. Consult your engine operators manual, your local John Deere engine distributor
or equipment dealer
, or visit www.JohnDeere.com/biodiesel
for more information. Warranty
- The John Deere warranty covers only defects in material and workmanship as manufactured and sold by John Deere. Failures caused by poor quality fuel of any type cannot be compensated under our warranty.
- IMPORTANT: Raw pressed vegetable oils are NOT acceptable for use as fuel in any concentration in John Deere engines. Their use could cause engine failure.
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